9: Coastal Issues

 

Coastal Issues looks at how climate change might affect coastal areas—via sea-level rise, erosion, storm surges, and oceanographic changes (nutrient upwelling, acidification, or oxygen depletion)—and discusses potential management options, such as infrastructure changes, insurance incentives, land-use restrictions, and other means to reduce climate-related vulnerabilities and impacts.

Citation: 

Caldwell, M. R., E. H. Hartge, L. C. Ewing, G. Griggs, R. P. Kelly, S. C. Moser, S. G. Newkirk, R. A. Smyth, and C. B. Woodson. 2013. “Coastal Issues.” In Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment, edited by G. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. LeRoy, 168–196. A report by the Southwest Climate Alliance. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Sea level along the California coast has risen gradually over the past century—about 8 inches (20 cm)—a rate that will accelerate in the future.
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